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Individuals that have suffered a trauma may also struggle with attachment problems, shown in ways we present ourselves and how we build relationships with others. Often, family of origin issues comes into play. Our early experiences have a considerable impact on how we view ourselves and society — and how we perform and handle our day-to-day lives. These conflicts are often patterned from our childhood relationships and we are coached on how to act (usually from earlier experiences). Attachment styles influence one from childhood through adulthood while shaping the intimacy styles in romantic relationships. The attachment experience affects one’s capacity for creating lasting relationships and is incapable of trust or maintaining close connections with friends or relatives.
Based on research, there are four attachment styles:
Represents a healthy child who could become upset when their caregiver leaves the room, but as soon as they return, the child has a happy smile and contentment is maintained. They recognize their needs will be met and they will not be left permanently.
Typifies a child who is alarmed by their parent’s departure and continues to demonstrate uneasy behavior after they return.
Signifies a child who is calm when detaching
from the parent, but does not embrace their return.
The child shows peculiar and negative behavior, which is displayed when the caregiver leaves and does not return. This results often times in childhood trauma.